Is ‘free range’ the same as organic?
Free range does not mean organic. Though some non-organic farmers raise animals in relatively open conditions, this, on its own, does not allow for those animals, or any derived food to be labelled as organic or free range. Organic production methods place a high value on animal welfare with the result that all organically reared animals and derived food could be considered free range according to the general understanding of that term. The term ‘free range’ is legally defined and can only be applied to certain foods and only when certain production and processing criteria are met.
What foods can be called ‘free range’?
The term ‘free range’ is only legally defined for two foods – eggs and poultry meat. Therefore, only these two types of food can be called ‘free range’ and only where they meet the requirements set out for use of this term in the relevant legislation. However, there may be foods labelled as ‘free range’ on the market which conform with voluntary standards associated with quality schemes (such as Bord Bia’s Pigmeat Quality Assurance Schemes) but consumers should be aware that these claims do not have any legal status.
When can I use the ‘free range’ label on eggs and poultry meat?
Poultry meat and eggs that carry a ‘free range’ label must have been produced in registered establishments complying with legislative requirements relating to housing, open air runs and stocking density. Registered ‘free range’ egg and poultry meat producers are inspected regularly by DAFM inspection staff.
Read DAFM's guidelines on free range production of poultrymeat
Access legislation on marketing standards for eggs
Access legislation on marketing standards for poultry meat
How do I apply for the ‘free range’ label?
Eggs and poultry meat may be marketed under the term 'free range', provided the applicable requirements of the legislation have been met. Producers and packers using this term and indication must be registered with the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) and comply with relevant legislation. Producers wishing to use the term ‘free range’ are required to keep appropriate records and are subject to official Department inspections. Eggs may be marketed under the terms 'cage', 'free range', 'barn' or 'organic' provided the applicable requirements of the legislation have been met. Producers and packers using these terms and indications must be registered with DAFM and comply with relevant legislation.
Can organic eggs be labelled as ‘free range’?
Producers of organic eggs must first apply to, and then be registered with, the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, before they can use the term ‘free range’.
Last reviewed: 13/2/2014