While the FSAI Advice Line provides advice and support on the topic of food additives, it does not provide advice on the authorised use of specific additives in specific food. Please do not send us queries requesting this service. It is the responsibility of the food business owner to ensure compliance with food law by accessing the food additives information provided on our website and also through the European Commission’s database on food additives which serves as a tool to provide information about the food additives approved for use in food in the EU and their conditions of use.

Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008  harmonises the use of food additives in foods in the European Union. This includes the use of food additives in foods covered by Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 on foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses and the use of certain food colours for the health marking of meat and the decoration and stamping of eggs.

A ‘food additive’ is defined in Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 as meaning ‘any substance not normally consumed as a food in itself and not normally used as a characteristic ingredient of food, whether or not it has nutritive value, the intentional addition of which to food for a technological purpose in the manufacture, processing, preparation, treatment, packaging, transport or storage of such food results, or may be reasonably expected to result, in it or its by-products becoming directly or indirectly a component of such foods’.

View full list of additives numerically or alphabetically

Additives are categorised as follows:


Categories of Food Additives


Emulsifying Salt


Acidity regulator*

Firming agent

Packaging gas

Anti-caking agent

Flavour enhancer

Propellant gas

Anti-foaming agent

Flour treatment agent

Raising agent


Foaming agent


Bulking agent

Gelling agent



Glazing agent (includes lubricants)






Modified starch


*these can act as two-way acidity regulators

Food additives must be approved by the EU and may only be used if they fulfil the criteria laid down in Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008. They must be safe when used and there must be a technological need for their use.  Use of food additives must not mislead the consumer and must be of benefit to the consumer. Misleading the consumer includes, but is not limited to, issues related to the nature, freshness, quality of ingredients used, the naturalness of a product or of the production process, or the nutritional quality of the product, including its fruit and vegetable content.

Last reviewed: 4/8/2021

Food Supplements


Food Labelling