Cocoa and Chocolate

EU Legislation

European Parliament and Council Directive 2000/36/EC (OJ L197, p19, 3/08/2000 ) of 23 June 2000 relating to cocoa and chocolate products intended for human consumption.

         Consolidated version of Council Directive 2000/36/EC (as at 18th November 2013)

National legislation

  • European Communities(Marketing of Cocoa and Chocolate Products) Regulations 2003 (S.I. No.236 of 2003)

 The Directive lays down rules for the composition and labelling of cocoa and chocolate products and defines different categories of chocolate products including chocolate, milk chocolate, family milk chocolate, white chocolate, filled chocolate etc. Cocoa and chocolate products may not be marketed in the EU unless they comply with the definitions and rules laid down in the Directive.

The legislation allows for the use, in the production of chocolate, of six tropical vegetable fats to a maximum 5% of the chocolate component in the finished product. Chocolate products containing vegetable fats other than cocoa butter must be labelled appropriately, including the statement 'contains vegetable fats in addition to cocoa butter'.

In addition to the labelling requirements set out in the Directive, these products must also comply with the general requirements set out in Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 on the provision of food information to consumers.

Last reviewed: 22/3/2017

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