Olive Oil

EU Legislation

Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 347, p371, 20/12/2013) of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007

 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 29/2012 (OJ L 12, p14, 14/01/2011) of 13 January 2012 on marketing standards for olive oil

Amended by

                  Consolidated version of Regulation (EU) No 29/2012 as at 1st January 2016

 

National Legislation

  • European Communities (Marketing Standards) (Crops and oils) Regulations 2011 ( S.I. No 378 of 2011 )

Note: The Irish legislation on olive oil listed above remains on the Irish Statute Book, but includes the previous inplementing EU legislation on olive oil. The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine will amend this legislation to give effect to Regulation (EU) No 29/2012 and its amendment

 

Regulation (EU) No 29/2012 lays down marketing standards for the retail-stage marketing of olive oils and olive-pomace oils. Annex VII Part VIII to Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 set outs the definitions and descriptions of olive oil and olive pomace oils.

 

Labelling of olive oils and olive-pomace oils

In addition to mandatory labelling requirements set out in the general labelling rules (Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011), Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 29/2012 lay down set out additional requirements regarding the labelling of olive oils and olive -pomace oils. 

Regulation (EU) No 29/2012 requires that the labelling of olive oils and olive-pomace oils must bear, in clear and indelible lettering, in addition to the sales description (as set out in Annex VII Part VIII of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013), but not necessarily close to it, the following information on the category of oil:

(a) extra virgin olive oil: ‘superior category olive oil obtained directly from olives and solely by mechanical means;’

(b) virgin olive oil: ‘olive oil obtained directly from olives and solely by mechanical means;’

(c) olive oil composed of refined olive oils and virgin olive oils: ‘oil comprising exclusively olive oils that have undergone refining and oils obtained directly from olives;’

(d) olive-pomace oil: ‘oil comprising exclusively oils obtained by treating the product obtained after the extraction of olive oil and oils obtained directly from olives,’ or ‘oil comprising exclusively oils obtained by processing olive pomace oil and oils obtained directly from olives.’

Designations of origin

Extra virgin olive oil and virgin olive oil as defined in points 1(a) and (b) of Annex VII Part VIII of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 must bear a designation of origin on the labelling, while products defined in point 3 (Olive oil-composed of refined olive oils and virgin olive oils) and point 6 (Olive-pomace oil) of this Annex must not bear any designation of origin on the labelling.

Designations of origin referred to above must  only consist of:
(a) in the case of olive oils originating from one Member State or  third country, a reference to the Member State, to the European Community  or to the third country, as appropriate; or,
(b) in the case of blends of olive oils originating from more than one Member State or third country, one of the following mentions, as appropriate:

  • (i) ‘blend of Community olive oils’ or a reference to the  Community;
  • (ii) ‘blend of non-Community olive oils’ or a reference to non- Community origin;
  • (iii) ‘blend of Community and non-Community olive oils’ or a reference to Community and non-Community origin; or

(c) a protected designation of origin or a protected geographical indication referred to in Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012, in accordance with the provisions of the product specification concerned.

If the olives have been harvested in a Member State or third country other than that in which the mill where the oil was extracted from the olives is situated, the designation of origin must contain the following wording: ‘(extra) virgin olive oil obtained in (the Community or the name of the Member State concerned) from olives harvested in (the Community or the name of the Member State or country concerned)’.

Last reviewed: 29/3/2017

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