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Foods for Specific Groups (FSGs)

Formerly Foods for Particular Nutritional Uses (PARNUTs)

From the 20th July 2016 Directive 2009/39/EC (PARNUTs) is repealed by Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of 12 June 2013 on food intended for infants and young children, food for special medical purposes, and total diet replacement for weight control. See New Rules Update.

Since 20th July 2016 Directive 2009/39/EC (PARNUTs) was repealed by Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of 12 June 2013 on food intended for infants and young children, food for special medical purposes, and total diet replacement for weight control.

The Foods for Specific Groups (FSGs) Regulation abolishes the concept of dietetic foods and provides for a new framework establishing general provisions for the following limited number of well-established and defined categories of food that are considered as essential for certain vulnerable groups of the population:

Food Legislation Changes - Key Dates

Date of Application Action
20 July 2016





Regulation (EU) 609/2013 (Foods for Specific Groups) repeals Directive 2009/39/EC and allows for stocks, placed on the market or labelled before 20 July 2016 and which comply with Directive 2009/39/EC to remain on the market until these stocks are exhausted.

Foods not covered by the new Foods for Specific Groups Regulation will fall under other general food law e.g. health claims, Food Information to the Consumer (FIC)
22 Feb 2019




Dietary Foods for Special Medical Purposes

Directive 1999/21/EC (Dietary Foods for Special Medical Purposes) is replaced by Regulation (EU) 2016/128  

22 Feb 2020 There is a longer transitional period for Food for Special Medical Purposes developed to satisfy the nutritional requirements of infants
22 Feb 2020



Infant formulae and follow-on formulae

Directive 2006/141/EC (Infant formulae and follow-on formulae) is replaced by Regulation (EU) 2016/127
22 Feb 2021

There is a longer transitional period for infant formula and follow-on formula manufactured from protein hydrolysates
27 Oct 2022


Total diet replacement for weight control

27 Oct 2022 Directive 96/8/EC (Foods intended for use in energy-restricted diets for weight reduction) is replaced by Regulation (EU) 2017/1798
No date as yet   Processed cereal-based foods and baby foods for infants and young children

Current legislation (2006/125/EC) remains in force and more substantial work is being undertaken to form draft legislation


The specific legislation introduced to date as well as requirements to notify certain PARNUTS are outlined in general provisions

Directive 2009/39/EC is valid until 20th July 2016, when it will be replaced by Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L181, p35, 29/06/13) of 12 June 2013 on food intended for infants and young children, food for special medical purposes, and total diet replacement for weight control and repealing Council Directive 92/52/EEC, Commission Directives 96/8/EC, 1999/21/EC, 2006/125/EC and 2006/141/EC, Directive 2009/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulations (EC) No 41/2009 and (EC) No 953/2009 

Last reviewed: 11/12/2018

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