Authorised Genetically Modified (GM) food and food ingredients are allowed on the EU market once they comply with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and Regulation (EC) No 1830/2003.
Labelling on any food product containing or consisting of authorised GM food ingredients is mandatory where the GM proportion of the overall ingredient is higher than 0.9%. A ‘GM-free’ label indicates that products do not contain or are not produced using GM food ingredients and must not mislead the consumer as per Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 on the provision of food information to consumers.
In 2018 the Environmental Health Services of the Health Service Executive collected 46 food samples which were analysed by the Public Analyst’s Laboratory in Cork for the presence of GM ingredients. Samples were screened for 35S promoter (P35S) and nos terminator (T-nos) DNA sequences, and GM events identified and quantified where possible.
See Table 1 - Results for the GM ingredients checks in 2018. No samples were found to be non-compliant with EU law on GM food.