Melamine (2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine, CAS No. 108-78-1) is produced as a high volume chemical. It can be present in food as a result of uses in food contact materials, including articles made of melamine-formaldehyde plastics, can coatings, paper and board and adhesives. Melamine may also occur in food as a metabolite and degradation product of cyromazine, which is used as a plant protection product and as a veterinary drug, and potentially as a result of its use as a flame retardant. Depending on the purification process, melamine may contain different levels of the structurally related substances cyanuric acid, ammeline and ammelide. Cyanuric acid residues can also occur in food as a result of use of dichloroisocyanurates as a source of active chlorine in disinfection agents. Melamine and cyanuric acid can be present as impurities in urea-based feed for ruminants.
Increased Control Measures: For potentially applicable emergency measures and temporary increased controls please see the section on Import and Export.